Fire Safety Tips for
Plan Your Escape
Every household should have an escape plan. When you baby-sit, discuss what
to do in case of a fire with the adults in the household.
-Be familiar with their home. Learn all the exits, and know how to unlock
doors and windows. Know two ways out of each room, especially bedrooms.
-All households should have a meeting place outside where everyone gathers
after escaping a fire. Have the adults show you the meeting place, and
don't confuse children by changing the plan.
-Discuss the escape plan and meeting place with the children. Make sure
every child knows where to meet outside.
-With an adult, complete a copy of the Emergency Information at the end of
this article, and carry it in your pocket. Be sure you know the location of
a neighbor who will be home. In case of a fire, call the fire department
from a neighbor's phone, portable phone, or activate alarm if available.
Put Away Matches and Lighters
Never smoke while babysitting. If you find matches, lighters, or other
smoking-related materials, put them up high (preferably in a locked cabinet)
where children can't see or reach the.
Be Kitchen Wise
Cook only if you have permission from the adults in the household. Never
leave cooking unattended. Set a timer to remind you to turn everything off.
Give Space Heaters Space
Keep anything that can burn-such as books, paper, and clothing-at least 3
feet (1 meter) away from space heaters. And keep children away from
portable heaters and space heaters, too.
Turn Pot Handles In
Don't let pot handles stick out over the edge of the stove where children
can bump or grab the. Turn handles in, pointing toward the center of the
stove, to prevent spilling hot liquids or food.
Use Microwaves Safely
Never put anything into a microwave unless you are absolutely sure it is
safe. Paper, glass, and microwave-proof earthenware are safe. In many
cases, metals are not. Read and follow the instructions on all packaged
microwavable meals. Do no exceed recommended cooking times. If you are not
sure of how to use the microwave, do not use it.
Keep children away from the microwave. Be careful when removing covers from
microwavable containers; escaping steam can cause severe burns. Cool all
foods sufficiently before serving them to children.
Never Leave Children Unattended
Supervise children when they are awake, and check on them often after
they've gone to bed, until you are sure they are sound asleep. Even then,
make sure you can hear them when they wake up.
In Case of Fire GET OUT! STAY OUT!
If you smell smoke, hear a smoke alarm, or see flames, get everybody out!
Don't wait for any reason and don't attempt to put out the fire. Go
directly to your meeting place, and count heads to make sure everyone has
Crawl Low Under Smoke
If you encounter smoke while you are escaping a fire, use another exit
route. If you must escape through smoke, remember the heat and smoke sire,
so cleaner air is always near the floor. Crawl on your hands and knees,
keeping your head 12 to 24 inches (30 to 60 centimeters) above the floor.
Go first, making sure the children follow you.
Call the Fire Department
Take the children to a neighbor's home, and call the fire department from
there. Give the fire department the complete address of the fire, and stay
on the phone until you're told to hang up. Then call the children's
Don't Go Back
Watch children carefully while you're waiting for the fire department. Make
sure no one goes back inside for any reason. Keep everyone a safe distance
from the fire and out of the way of the firefighters.
If You Can't Get to the Children
If smoke or flames are blocking the way to the children's bedrooms, go
straight to a neighbor and call the fire department. Tell them that the
children are trapped inside and where they are.
Emergency Tips Stop, Drop, and Roll
If your clothing catches fire: Stop, don't run. Drop to the ground, and
cover your face with your hands. Roll over and over until the fire goes
out. Babysitters may have to help children do this. Pull the child to the
ground, and roll him or her over and over to smother the flames.
Cool a Burn
The best first aid for burns is to run cool water over the burned area for
10 to 15 minutes. If a burn blisters or appears charged, get medical help
Ask an adult to complete this form before leaving you alone with children.
Keep this form in your pocket so you'll have it with you in case of a fire
or other emergency.
Doctor (name and phone number):____________________________
Where Parents Can be reached:_____________________________
Children's Family Name:___________________________________
Full Address Where You Are Babysitting:_______________________
Neighbor (name, address, and phone number):___________________
NFPA (National Fire Protection Association)
Visit online @ www.sparky.org & www.nfpa.org